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Maritime Blogs

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Subscribe to this list via RSS Blog posts tagged in seafarer

A wrong financial decision might breach your pocket, grounding your dreams and will drift your family too. Making preplan financially safe decisions will save tonnes in a long run. I have listed few common mistakes which seafarers do. Have a look, analyze and give a boost to your future. 

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Since September 2001 (9/11), heightened border protection measures have resulted in the need for more secure travel documentation, such as biometric passports, secure national identification cards and the like. As the majority of all global trade is conducted by sea, the granting of shore leave is of vital importance to a merchant seaman’s (crew member) welfare. Securing a crew member identity to facilitate granting of shore leave is beneficial for both the ship’s crew and for migration authorities at all ports of call.

The United Nations’ International Maritime Organization (“IMO”) is responsible for the regulatory framework of maritime shipping. The International Labor Organization (“ILO”) is also a United Nations agency that brings together representatives of governments, employers, and workers to jointly shape policies and programs. The ILO is comprised of 183 countries (i.e., “ILO Member States”). The ILO’s Conventions are responsible for creating and overseeing international labor standards, including those for merchant seamen.

 The provisions in the ILO’s 1958 Convention No. 108 (ILO C108 or “ILO 108”) created an internationally-recognized identity document for crew traveling aboard seafaring vessels entering another country’s designated seaport(s). The ILO and the maritime industry refer to this document as a Seafarer’s Identity Document (“SID”), also commonly referred to as a “Seaman’s Book”. It is important to understand that the SID does not replace a crew member passport (an international travel document), and cannot be used to enter another country if arriving by airline or via overland routes.

Another important feature of the SID ILO 108 is that the SID replaces the requirement for a crew member to present an entry, work or transit visa for those countries that have ratified the ILO 108, provided that the crew member (1) can evidence his/her employment on the ship that is arriving at an ILO-Member State destination, and (2) is arriving at a destination Member State’s designated international seaport.

Under the current ILO 108 provisions, most ILO Member States will grant qualified crewmembers a “shore leave” of up to 30 consecutive days in a single stay without requiring a national entry or work visa. The period of visa-waiver is determined by each Member State’s national immigration laws and is applied on a case-by-case basis for each crewmember. If a vessel is transiting through the national waters of an ILO-Member State, the country of transit may waive the need for crewmembers holding valid SIDs recognized by said country to obtain transit visas.

 In June 2003, in response to post-9/11 requirements for international travel documents, new SID regulations were adopted with the passage of ILO C 185 (ILO 185) to conform to current universal secure identification requirements. The new ILO 185 standards for SIDs are in the process of being ratified by the ILO Member States.

The major requirements under the new ILO 185 regulations are as follows:

  • SIDs can only be issued by the crewmember’s country of nationality or country of legal, permanent residence. (Currently, under ILO 108, SIDs can be issued by the crewmember’s country of nationality, country of the flag vessel, or by the country of the crewmember’s employer);
  • SIDs must be machine readable cards that contain the required biometric information of the crewmember, similar to that of a new biometric passport. (Currently, under ILO 108, most crewmembers hold SID “Seaman’s Books,” containing only records of the holders’ career certification and experience);
  • Each Member State must implement minimum ILO requirements and recommended procedures for issuance of SIDs, and ensure crewmembers observe compliance with both ILO requirements and the host country’s laws and regulations;
  • The SID does not replace a crewmember’s passport, but it can be used as the crewmember’s primary international identification document provided the crewmember remains on board the vessel during the entire time the ship remains in the host country’s national waters;
  • Prior to certain crewmembers entering a particular destination country’s national waters, entry, work, and transit visas may be required by a destination country for the following:

- crewmembers who are visa nationals under the transiting countries’ and/or host destination country’s national immigration laws;

- crewmembers who do not carry SIDs issued by the seafarer’s country of nationality or legal permanent residence; or,

- a crewmember possessing a SID issued by a country not recognized by the destination country;

 Under the new ILO 185 regulations, the maritime authorities in each country will be responsible for issuing new SID cards. Once a Member State ratifies the new ILO 185 standards, all SIDs issued in accordance with the ILO 108 will become invalid and new SID cards are to be issued by the seaman’s country of nationality or legal permanent residence. The cards are expected to replace the ILO 108 versions and are intended to reduce destination country entry visa requirements.

As the many ILO Member States are finding it expensive to produce biometric identity documents and install new machine-readable equipment at multiple ports of entry, at this time only 14 out of the 183 Member States have ratified the new ILO 185 regulations. In addition, some ILO Member States that have entry restrictions for certain nationalities in their countries are unable to ratify the new ILO 185 standards without first changing their national immigration laws to be in accordance with the requirements stated in Article 6º of the ILO 185.

Obviously, the ILO 185 must attract considerably more ratifications if the new SIDs security requirements and protocols are to be universally accepted.

Maritime companies and independent vessels should be mindful that ILO 108 has only been ratified by 61 Member States which represents approximately 60.7% of the world fleet.

Crew members who do not carry a valid SID issued by a ratifying Member State may be subject to the visa/entry requirements of the destination country (e.g., a U.S. national seaman entering a Brazilian port without a qualified Seaman’s Book will be required to obtain a Brazilian work visa in his or her passport prior to entering Brazilian national waters.)

In conclusion, failure by a vessel’s owners to ensure all on-board seamen possess the appropriate entry documentation prior to arriving in port may result in civil penalties imposed by the destination country’s migration authorities. Therefore, it is recommended to verify that each seaman holds the positive and verifiable identification required for each destination country.



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1] Confirm the date thoroughly, cross-check and be present on that date. Come on time.

2] Not necessary to be in formals, but it makes us look professional. But don't wear Jeans or casuals either.

3] CARRY ALL YOUR ORIGINAL DOCUMENTS, RIGHT FROM CLASS 10TH. When I say ALL, I mean ALL. Including those issued to you by your college.

4] BEFORE YOU COME TO MUMBAI MMD, ENSURE THAT YOUR NAME IS PRESENT ON THE PROFORMA 'B' ISSUED BY YOUR COLLEGE. Trust me, I have seen 15 Guys unable to apply for Class IV Part- A Exemption due to this very reason.

The Process:

1] The MMD People call the guys by College Name. Mine is Coimbatore Marine College or CMC, and we were four people there for exemption. We were called in by our College Name. PAY ATTENTION OR YOU WILL MISS THE CALL. These people WILL NOT SHOUT, they just call.

2] When you are called, prepare all your original documents for verification. The order goes by the checklist which you can find later in this blog.

3] You need to present the DG approval letter of your training institute. take a printout from here--->> Maritime Training---> Approved Training Institutes.

4] When verification is complete, they will ask you to enter your name and some form numbers in a register. Enter them and you would get a checklist, A Form-15, A Bank Challan and EXN-45 Booklet. REMEMBER YOUR SERIAL NUMBER OF THE REGISTER. 

5] You start off by taking the relevant photocopies of the documents as required by the checklist AND arrange them in the order defined by the Checklist. Self Attest (Put your signature) on each of the xerox copy and Staple them WITH THE CHECKLIST ON THE TOP.

6] Go to Syndicate Bank Challan Counter, which is at the same place where Yellow Fever Vaccination is administered, i.e. besides MMD Office, fill up the challan form and pay the amount of Rs 1550/-.

7] Now, get back to the MMD office and wait. They will call candidates in batches to issue instructions as on how to fill. Instructions will be given in English, as well as Hindi. BE ATTENTIVE AND PLEASE DO CLARIFY ANY DOUBTS YOU HAVE HERE ITSELF.

8] If you make mistakes, don't worry, you can make corrections using correction-pen. BUT THAT DOES NOT MEAN THAT YOU MAKE MISTAKES. FILL UP VERY CAREFULLY.

9] After filling up, have your lunch and wait on the ground floor. The officials will come and call everyone up to Examination center. In case you missed out, just go up to the Examination Centre.


11] Your originals will be verified again, along with your Stapled Checklist and Photocopies. MAKE SURE YOUR COPIES ARE IN THE ORDER AS DEFINED BY THE CHECKLIST AND STAPLED TO THE CHECKLIST.

12]Your name would be verified from the College's 'PROFORMA-B' which is sent to MMD Office beforehand. Hence the need to ensure that your name is there in Proforma-B. You Enter your details in a register here again.

13] Put those in a transparent folder. You can buy one from the stationary shops nearby. Next, your Form-15 and EXN-45 Booklet would be stamped and you would be told to go into the surveyor's office for signatures. 

14] Don't worry. The surveyor won't ask any questions here. Just take the signatures, go out and take photocopies of the 1st and 2nd page of the EXN-45 Booklet.

15] Now, put the photocopies in the Form-15, put the Exn-45 Booklet xerox behind it, and put all of them back in the transparent folder and drop it in the specified bin. DO NOT PUT YOUR BOOKLET ANYWHERE. TAKE THE BOOKLET ALONG WITH YOU.

Congratulations!!! You have just completed the Process of applying and obtaining MEO Class IV Part- 'A' Exemption. Remember a few points, though:



 I hope the procedure is very clear for you. In case you have any doubts, please drop them in comments. I will reply to them. 





Booking and Assessment dates for MEO Examination for the month of FEBRUARY-2017                                                                                                                                                                                    
WEDNESDAY 04/01/2017 MEO CLASS IV PART 'B' BOOKING (For candidates having part "A" Exemption )
MONDAY 09/01/2017 NCV CLASS IV ( INDIAN NAVY CANDIDATES ) & All NCV candidates awaiting confirmation of sea-service verification from companies for Written Eligibility.
FRIDAY 13/01/2017  MEO CLASS I
  ETO  As per schedule ( SEE NOTE NO. 10 )
WEDNESDAY 18/01/2017 ETO
FRIDAY TO TUESDAY 20/01/2017 TO 31/01/2017 MEO CLASS I  & MEO CLASS II PART 'A' & 'B'
1) Seafarers Registration compulsory for candidates appearing for any Grade of the exam. 
2) All candidates are requested to update their profile on DGS site.
3) MEO CL.IV'B'and MEO CL.IV'A' written examination shall be conducted through Online E-Pariksha.
4) Last date for fresh applications (online)  for Class IV Part A & Part B Examination (written) is
06th JANUARY, 2017.  Any application made after this date will NOT be reviewed/approved for the month of FEBRUARY-2017  Editing of any data done by the candidate after 06th JANUARY, 2017 will not be accepted for examination for the month of FEBRUARY-2017.
5)              Candidate for MEO CL. IV Part 'A' and MEO CL. IV Part 'B' have to book their slot themselves after obtaining approval in E-Pariksha system from MMD, Mumbai. The slots for seat booking will open on 01/01/2017 and close on 21/01/2017. The slot will be disabled on 21/01/2017 and no further seat booking would be allowed.
6) MEO CL. IV Part 'A' and MEO CL. IV Part 'B' Fresher Candidates are required to book their seat after the successful assessment of their eligibility but before 21/01/2017.  
7) MEO CL. IV Part 'A' and MEO CL. IV Part 'B' The candidate has to retrieve and print out his admit card after the booking is approved.
8) The Oral exam seat booking for MEO CLASS IV PART B would also be open from 01/01/2017 and would remain open till 21/01/2017 After the date no candidate would be allowed to book the oral exam seats. Oral candidates applying for FEBRUARY-2017 need to mention the intended month as FEBRUARY- 2017
9) MEO Class I, MEO Class II, re checkClass IV and NCV oral candidates mayre-checktheir orals venue on and date  MMD WEBSITE(  2-3 days prior to the date of schedule oral examination. If name not sited on mmd mumbai website. Please contact on This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. . Not later than the completion of any examination.
10) ETO candidates who intend to appear for assessment and examination for the month of FEBRUARY, 2017. Should register their name in mmd website ( from 03/01/2017 to 12/01/2017, basis of the no. of candidate date of assessment will be published on the website. The ETO's are requested to approch MMD Mumbai on said date for assessment, that will be published on MMD website on 13/01/2017. Assessment date will be form 19/01/2017 onwards depending upon the number of candidates.
11) All Fresher Candidates must strictly comply with the check list for assessment( Check list may be download from --> downloads --> check list for engine side )





Sailors-club is a community website which tries to spread awareness in the maritime community and to help seafarers. 

If you want us to publish some topic of your interest or if you have any query/ suggestion, do mail to us at This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.




you can Whatsapp us at +91 8793174233



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Posted by on in Maritime Blog

Shipping industry and seafarers bring fortune to the global trade. However, the female count in the maritime world is very limited. Most women don’t wish to join this challenging profession.


However, A maritime career doesn’t always mean a career at sea. While at work it is all about being away from home, from friends and families. It is quite natural for any seafarer to look for a shore job after they have spent a considerable period of time working at the seas.


We must know that every seafarer can opt  for a job ashore, which values his or her skills, knowledge and experience.


The training and experience acquired from a career in shipping can be used across industries ashore and many diverse areas. To survive and do well one has to keep on upgrading his/her skills.

There are very many sectors where seafarers can join and make a good prosperity.


Some of them are listed below:


Maritime Surveyor:


A well-experienced seafarer has good observational skills and technical knowledge and is already aware of the ins and outs of the ship. It is thus quite easy for her to find out the loopholes and prepare the ship well for a safe voyage. Any seafarer with sufficient sea experience can undergo distant learning courses in marine surveying from renowned universities which can help in increasing professional skills and in a better understanding of the roles and responsibilities of a marine surveyor.

Image result for women maritime surveyor


Ship Operation Management:


Working in the ship management is one of the most interesting and challenging sectors of shipping. As the name suggests ship management involves the process of managing the ship for an agreed period of time. Ship management has different areas to be looked after- commercial, operations, technical, crewing, finance, administration, quality and safety. A well experienced navigating officer can later join shipping companies ashore as the fleet manager, safety and quality manager, training officer, technical manager and so on. Navigating officers can enrol themselves into various management courses, both distant and regular which can help them analyse the core business requirements. These courses equip them with the skills, knowledge and tools that they need to formulate business strategies and manage their business successfully. Shipping companies prefer to absorb officers who have already worked onboard their vessels as they already hold a developed relationship with them. It is easier to recruit officers who already have a fair idea about the company.


Ship Broking and Chartering:


Ship broking is not a complex profession for those who have worked in the shipping industry. As a profession, it has continued to grow in presence. A ship broker is the one who acts as a negotiator between ship owners and charterers. Ship broker’s role can be classified as finding ships for cargoes and cargo for ships. This function necessarily requires an in-depth knowledge of ship and cargoes, methods of loading and discharging of various cargoes, weather patterns etc. New entrants can take up educational courses offered by the Institute of Chartered Shipbrokers to get a deeper insight of the profession. Organisations such as Clarkson also conducts trainee broker programme which makes one a better professional. Such program provides a fantastic insight into the culture and environment of a leading ship broking firm and helps you make a difference in the global level. They also provide internships in leading broker house.




Maritime Regulatory Authorities:  


Government jobs are starting to get attractive again. Marine officers can also enjoy the benefits of government job by working under the Ministry of Shipping. Seafarers with a certificate of competency as a Master of a foreign going ship are also eligible to join the esteemed maritime regulatory authorities like the Director General of Shipping as the principal officer or Nautical surveyors who are responsible for conducting examinations for masters and mates. They can also join in higher posts like the deputy director general, assistant director or Nautical Advisor. Additional qualifications such as having a masters degree in Maritime Affairs or Maritime Policy are highly desirable. Nature of work involves implementing the ISPS code, working in connection with the Port State Control, regulate employment to seamen and other duties as required. Engineers with a first class certificate of competency or extra first class engineers certificate are also eligible for the same. The method of recruitment is directly through UPSC (Each country has its own type of examination). One who is interested has to follow the employment news for circulars and further information.

Woman on ship


Ports And Harbour Management And Pilotage:


Ports are busy places and offer exciting job opportunities in many different areas. Ports have to move with the times in response to global shifts in maritime trade if they are to remain competitive. Hence they require efficient and skilful professionals to develop strategic business plans. Some of the jobs available in port operations involve technical work, administration, management, vessel traffic services and pilotage. Seafarers who have served in a senior capacity at sea have the required skill, knowledge and understanding and are therefore ideal for the above posts. Additionally, a degree in port management can serve as an excellent opportunity to gain in-depth knowledge of the rules and regulations that go into operating ports globally and the economic and commercial aspects of port operations.



Thus this brings us to a conclusion that there are plenty of jobs available ashore. Please do note that this is not an exhaustive list. You can do any kind of job you are passionate about. Seafarers have a rounded view of how the international shipping industry fits together. With dedication, knowledge and the right skills, seafarers are apt for shore based jobs. After gaining sufficient sea experience one can make a transition from sea to shore and settle ashore and stay connected to their near and dear ones.



Which maritime profession you think should have been mentioned here?


Ask!!  Share!! Suggest!! At the community forum and get replies from the members of sailors-club.

Career option for ex-seafarers: women


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We are now molding our community in a democratic setup and thus are mailing to our members asking them about their suggestions and to vote on the draft points for the constitution of this Global Cyber community of Maritime Industry.Please comment on this page or write to us on This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. , about your suggestion as to how to make your community more democratic.

We will be mentioning drafts points below and the emails will also come to the member's email to ask for their consent.Members can themselves also put forward any Draft proposal.

Please note that the administrator himself is a Seafarer and not a lawyer and thus here we would be discussing the By-laws to be put in the Community.

By-law No.1 (Adopted on 30th July 2014)

Sailors Club would be free to use for anyone connected to the Wider Global Maritime Industry. Individuals and organizations may register and avail the free facility to make as many numbers of profiles(as per their business interests) as they wish, with all their contact details(like phone nos.+ email+webpages etc.)  shown publicly in their profiles(if they choose such privacy setting). Sailors Club will not charge any money for this service.

Members would be free to connect to as many other members and contact them on phone and email given publicly. The idea is to connect more and more people in Maritime Industry,n not just in Sailors Club but through other channels also(like, WhatsApp, facebook, Linkedin, etc)   

This By-law No.1 is passed with "YES" vote. There is only one "NO" vote was conveyed.This By-law is thus adopted.



By-law No.2 (Adopted on 19th August 2014)

  •  Sailors Club should never restrict the number of friends, one can make and get connected.
  •  Sailors Club will also not prohibit anyone from posting any number of articles or comment on an article by various tools of Sailors Club, like Blog, Forum, Files, photos, videos, Status update, etc. 
  • These articles and comments could be anything posted by someone related to the wider Maritime Community.The posts could be anything ranging from a personal status update, Maritime awareness campaign, Press release to anything which is Maritime in Nature or just a comment on an existing post.(Except is should not be violating any local laws) 
  • Administrators(including AdminSailor) will not have any authority, to moderate these articles.
  • The post will only be removed after asking the author's consent if it has been reported as abusive by several members. (This By-law will give the "Right" in the hands of every member to publish his/her voice in the Sailors Club)

This By-law No.2 is passed with "YES "vote. There was no "NO" vote received.This By-law is thus adopted.



By-Law No.3 (needs member approval)

Sailors Club is a social networking website specifically aimed at the maritime industry and as we are trying to establish it as a democratic platform, we will be establishing a governing body represented voluntarily by the members of the community. The members of the governing body will comprise primarily of the honorary brand ambassadors of Sailors Club in different countries and sectors along with any other enthusiastic party who willingly wants to participate and contribute to the Sailors Club. But in all the cases an agreement, as proposed by the Community Manager, is needed to be signed by the volunteers of the website.

The role of the Governing Body would be to discuss and debate on any campaigns and if necessary they will have the right to delete any post or ban any user which however will be decided by a unanimous vote. A circular will be sent to all the members of the Sailors Club pertaining to the decision and a tacit voting system wherein a no-response from any of the members of the governing body will be considered as an “agreement”. Moreover, the opinions provided by the Governing Body either through emails or by post will be published on the website by the Community Manager of Sailors Club. The members of the Governing Body will establish and organize a Mutual Help and Concerns Forum wherein any member of the body is allowed to seek any kind of help and/or advice pertaining to his/her professional career.

If the number of the members of the Governing Body exceeds 100 then they need to vote for the formation of a Steering Committee comprising of no more than 20 members. The members of the steering committee will be voted by the members of the Governing Body of the Sailors Club along with the Community Manager(s). The role of the Steering Committee would be to propose new agendas and campaigns which will help the social network move forward. Starting from introducing new amendments in the social network to the issuance of new practices. The members of the Steering Committee will then consequently select one Helmsman, whose Watch will be of 3 months as proposed.

This Helmsman will be selected in turns resulting in minimum 2 and maximum 4 Helmsman in a year and he/she will assume the immense responsibility as the administrator with the account of AdminSailor which would be a full-time assignment, during his/her tenure as a Helmsman.

The promoters of Sailors Club proposes this arrangement of the self-governance by the global maritime community to be discussed for at least one year among the members of the Sailors Club, before adopting such framework and will be conducting various surveys and discussions among the members for the issue. So till then you have to advise the incumbent and temporary administrators, as to what should be fine lines of this democratic setup. So please give a serious thought and comment on the issue.

Please also see the Terms and Conditions of the usage of Sailors Club, where again we have mentioned our commitment to the vibrant future of this unique online society.



Sailors-club is a community website which tries to spread awareness in the maritime community and to help seafarers. 



If you want us to publish some topic of your interest or if you have any query/ suggestion, do mail to us at This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.




you can Whatsapp us at +91 8793174233 





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